Origin of the Name Duke
The origin of the name Duke
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives. The name Duke can be from the French 'duc' meaning 'leader' or as can be an abbreviated form of the name Marmaduke. Variants of this name include Dukeson, Dukes and Dewk. This name is of Anglo-Saxon descent spreading to the Celtic countries of Ireland , Scotland , and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout these countries. Examples of such are a Johannes Dokeson who was recorded in the 'Poll Tax' of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England , in the year 1379. A Thomas Mason and Ann Dukson were recorded as having been married in Saint Mary, Aldermary, in the year 1656. An Evan Duckeson was recorded in the Wills at Chester in the year 1693.
Names were recorded in these ancient documents to make it easier for their overlords to collect taxes and to keep records of the population at any given time. When the overlords acquired land by either force or gifts from their rulers, they created charters of ownership for themselves and their vassals. It was by creating, maintaining and updating these reference books that they were able to maintain their authority and enforce laws.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland , especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland ' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland . While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Duke coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Duke descendants.