Origin of the Name Barclay
The ancient history of the name Barclay
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives.
Over the centuries Surnames developed a wide number of variants. Different spellings of the same name can be traced back to an original root. Additionally when a bearer of a name emigrated it was not uncommon that their original name would be incorrectly transcribed in the record books at their new location. Surnames were also often altered over the years based on how they sounded phonetically and depending on the prevailing political conditions it may have been advantageous to change a name from one language to another.Variants of the name Barclay
include Barclet, Berkeley and Berkley. The Barclays in Scotland descended from a Walter de Berkeley in the year 1165, who was Chamberlain of Scotland. They were from Kincardineshire in the East of Scotland. The Barclays of Mathers, who descended from Alexander, obtained these lands from a marriage to the sister of the Great Marischal of Scotland. His son was the first of the Clan to call himself Barclay. He sold his lands, and the title passed to descendants of James Barclay of Mill of Towie, in the nineteenth century.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland. While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Barclay coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Barclay descendants.