Origin of the Name Wells
The origin of the name Wells
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives. The name Wells is a locational name from someone who lived near a well or spring. Variants include Well, Wellings, Weller, Welling, Wellman and Welman. This name is of Anglo-Saxon descent spreading to the Celtic countries of Ireland, Scotland and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout these countries. Examples of such are a Gilbert de Welles of County Norfolk who was recorded in the 'Hundred Rolls', England, in the year 1273. A Johannes de Well was recorded in the 'Poll Tax' of the West Riding of Yorkshire in the year 1379. A Cornelius Thomas Weller was baptised in Saint James, Clerkinwell, in the year 1683. In Scotland a Richard de Welles witnessed a grant in favour of the Chaplain of Saint Peter at Duffus, in the year 1240.
Names were recorded in these ancient documents to make it easier for their overlords to collect taxes and to keep records of the population at any given time. When the overlords acquired land by either force or gifts from their rulers, they created charters of ownership for themselves and their vassals. It was by creating, maintaining and updating these reference books that they were able to maintain their authority and enforce laws.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland. While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Wells coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Wells descendants.