Origin of the Name Markham
The ancient history of the name Markham
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives. Markham is a locality name meaning 'of Markham', from a parish found in County Nottinghamshire, England , near Tuxford. This name is of English descent and is found in many ancient manuscripts in that country. Examples of such are a Johannes Marcam who was recorded in the 'Poll Tax' of the West Riding of Yorkshire in the year 1379. A Nicholaus Marcam was also recorded in the same year in this ancient document. A Christopher Markeham and Margerye Turke were married in Saint Michael, Cornhill, in the year 1573. A Henry Markham was registered in the University of Oxford, in the year 1585.
Names were recorded in these ancient documents to make it easier for their overlords to collect taxes and to keep records of the population at any given time. When the overlords acquired land by either force or gifts from their rulers, they created charters of ownership for themselves and their vassals. It was by creating, maintaining and updating these reference books that they were able to maintain their authority and enforce laws.
In Ireland the name Markham is an anglicized form of the native Gaelic O'Marcachain sept name, which was also changed to Markahan. This sept was located in County Clare where the village of Ballymarkahan still exists.
The Markham coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Markham descendants.