Origin of the Name Harwood
The ancient history of the name Harwood
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives. Meaning 'of Harewood', Harwood is a locational name taken from a village and parish about eight miles north of Leeds. This name is of Anglo-Saxon descent spreading to the Celtic countries of Ireland , Scotland , and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout these countries. Examples of such are a Robertus de Harwodde who was recorded in the 'Poll Tax' of the West Riding of Yorkshire England , in the Year 1379. An Alicia Harewood of County Somerset was recorded in the ancient book 'Kirby's Quest' in the reign of Edward III. In Scotland a William Harwod is recorded as a witness in Edinburgh in the Year 1464.
Names were recorded in these ancient documents to make it easier for their overlords to collect taxes and to keep records of the population at any given time. When the overlords acquired land by either force or gifts from their rulers, they created charters of ownership for themselves and their vassals. It was by creating, maintaining and updating these reference books that they were able to maintain their authority and enforce laws.
In Ireland the name Harwood has a number of variants including Harrot and Hart. An old Gaelic form of the name is Haroid.
The Harwood coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Harwood descendants.