Origin of the Name Craig
The origin of the name Craig
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives.
Over the centuries Surnames developed a wide number of variants. Different spellings of the same name can be traced back to an original root. Additionally when a bearer of a name emigrated it was not uncommon that their original name would be incorrectly transcribed in the record books at their new location. Surnames were also often altered over the years based on how they sounded phonetically and depending on the prevailing political conditions it may have been advantageous to change a name from one language to another.
Variants of the name Craig
include Craigg, Craige, Craigie, Cragg, Craggs, Carrick and Craigh. Meaning 'at the craig', from a person who lived near a steep or precipitous rock. The name has appeared in early Scottish records originating from one or more townlands. This name is of Scottish descent spreading to Ireland , England and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout the above countries. Examples of such are an Alex Craigg and Elizabeth Johnson who were married in Saint Georges Chapel, Mayfair, in the year 1748. In Scotland a Johannes del Crag witnessed a charter by William the Lion. The dramatic intervention of John of the Craig with his band of 300 played a decisive part in the Battle of Culblean in the year 1335.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland , especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland ' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland . While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Craig coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Craig descendants.