Origin of the Name Clough
The ancient history of the name Clough
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives. Meaning 'at the clough', Clough is a locational name from a hillside or ravine between hills. Variants of this name include Cleugh, Cluff, Cloke, Clow, Clew and Clue. This name is of Anglo-Saxon descent spreading to the Celtic countries of Ireland , Scotland , and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout these countries. Examples of such are a Thomas del Clogh who was recorded in the 'Poll Tax' of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England , in the year 1379. A William Thomas Clugh was recorded as having been baptised at Saint James, Clerkenwell, in the year 1690.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland , especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland ' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland . While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Clough coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Clough descendants.