Origin of the Name Cardwell
family history was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives.
Over the centuries Surnames developed a wide number of variants. Different spellings of the same name can be traced back to an original root. Additionally when a bearer of a name emigrated it was not uncommon that their original name would be incorrectly transcribed in the record books at their new location. Surnames were also often altered over the years based on how they sounded phonetically and depending on the prevailing political conditions it may have been advantageous to change a name from one language to another.
Variants of the name Cardwell
include Caldwell, Chardwell, Cardell, Cardel and Cardwel. This name is usually of Anglo origin being of locational origin from various places called Caldwell in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire, among others. This name is taken from ancient English words that mean 'the cold stream'. When found in Scotland the name can be a variant of the much more often found name Caldwell.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland , especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland ' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland . While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
In County Down Cardwell is a variant of Caldwell and also of the Irish name Caroll. This name however is rarely found as a variant of the Irish name McArdle.
The Cardwell coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Cardwell descendants.