Origin of the Name Baxter
The ancient history of the name Baxter
was found in the allfamilycrests.com archives.
Over the centuries Surnames developed a wide number of variants. Different spellings of the same name can be traced back to an original root. Additionally when a bearer of a name emigrated it was not uncommon that their original name would be incorrectly transcribed in the record books at their new location. Surnames were also often altered over the years based on how they sounded phonetically and depending on the prevailing political conditions it may have been advantageous to change a name from one language to another.Variants of the name Baxter
include Baiker, Bacher, Backster and Bagster. This name was used for someone who had a special task in the kitchen in a great house or castle, usually baking bread. The right to be in charge of this and exact money or loaves in return for its use was in many parts of the country a hereditary feudal privilege. This name is of Anglo-Saxon descent spreading to the Celtic countries of Ireland, Scotland and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts throughout these countries. Examples of such are a Giliana le Bacster, Huntingdonshire, and a John le Bakestere, Norfolk, who were recorded in the 'Hundred Rolls', England, in the year 1273. In Scotland a Reginald Baxter witnessed the gift of the Church of Wemys in Fife to Soltre. A Thomas dictus Baxter was Burgess of Aberdeen in the year 1323.
In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century. It was the 'Plantations of Ireland' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that marked the end of Gaelic supremacy in Ireland. While the influx of settlers in the wake of the earlier Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century resulted in a full integration into Irish society of the new arrivals, the same never occurred with the Ulster Planters who maintained their own distinct identity.
The Gaelic form of Baxter is Mac an Bhacstair. In Ulster some Baxters may be of the Scottish clan MacMillan.
The Baxter coat of arms came into existence centuries ago. The process of creating coats of arms (also often called family crests) began in the eleventh century although a form of Proto-Heraldry may have existed in some countries prior to this. The new art of Heraldry made it possible for families and even individual family members to have their very own coat of arms, including all Baxter descendants.